SMS components and elements

Component 1. Safety policy, objectives and Planning

Element 1.1    Management commitment and responsibility

Element 1.2   Safety accountabilities of managers

Element 1.3   Appointment of key safety personnel

*Element 1.4   SMS implementation plan*

*Element 1.5   Third party interface*

Element 1.6   Coordination of emergency response

Element 1.7   SMS documentation

Component 2. Safety risk management

Element 2.1    Hazard identification

Element 2.2   Safety risk assessment and mitigation

Component 3. Safety Assurance

Element 3.1    Safety performance monitoring and measurement

*Element 3.2   Internal Safety investigation*

Element 3.3   The management of change

Element 3.3   Continuous improvement of the SMS

Component 4. Safety promotion

Element 4.1    Training and education

Element 4.2   Safety communication

* Indicates additional element to ICAO SMS framework

Safety Culture

Safety culture is missing from the SMS framework. It is key, it is critical, but it cannot be legislated for, nor can it be imposed or enforced. It has to come from within. It is the ‘Oil that keeps the SMS cogs turning – the glue that binds it together’. Without it, SMS is a manual that sits on a shelf.

Safety Culture

A SMS cannot exist without a safety culture in an organisation. It is an attitude, a belief, a commitment and an understanding that everyone has responsibility to safety. It must be practiced, demonstrated, rewarded and applauded. Without it, SMS cannot, and will not be effective…read more

Integration of Human Factors into SMS

The other missing element from the framework is the need to integrate Human Factors (HF) into SMS

Effectively this means all personnel need to be trained and aware of HF, and that consideration to HF need to be made in respect to each element of SMS…read more